| "....Did we have to do this [invade Iraq
& topple Hussein]? I
the intelligence right up to the
day of the war, and I did not see any imminent threat there. If
anything, Saddam was coming apart. The sanctions were working. The
containment was working. He had a hollow military, as we saw. If he
had weapons of mass destruction, it was leftover stuff -- artillery
shells and rocket rounds. He didn't have the delivery systems. We
controlled the skies and seaports. We bombed him at will. All of
this happened under U.N. authority. I mean, we had him by the
throat. But the president was being convinced by the neocons that
down the road we would regret not taking him out."
Gen. Anthony Zinni (The Generals Speak, Paul Alexander)
What the General wasn't (perhaps) told...
Yes, General, the neocons were right. They had known what they wanted from the start: "we" would indeed regret not taking Hussein out, because "we" knew (from ongoing corporate negotiations, bids, etc.) that, if Saddam remained in power when the sanctions lifted, he would resume extending oil contracts to the wrong companies and the world's emerging crown jewel of oil flow would not fill the coffers of the Big Four: Exxon-Mobil (world's most profitable company in 2001 at $15 billion), Shell, BP Amoco and Chevron-Texaco (see oil articles below).
The parents of these US and UK oil companies lost their
(which began with the British seizure of Iraq after W.W.I and British
use of poison gas) of roughly 3/4 of Iraq's oil production when Saddam
Hussein nationalized Iraq's oil industry in 1972, negotiated more
broadly for contracts, and developed relationships with French,
Russian, Japanese and eventually Chinese companies and others.
As alternative oil sources (North Sea, etc.) continued drying
these US/UK companies badly wanted back into Iraq.
Ergo, the first Gulf War of 1991 and the twelve year sanction
period. The war and the sanctions restricted Iraq's oil sales,
devastated its economy, drove up prices/profits for oil from other Big
Four sources around the planet, and prevented other oil companies from
effectively producing in Iraq (see
oil articles below).
These seem to be the real reasons why the sanctions-induced deaths of a
half million Iraqi children were acknowledged by the US Secretary of
with the comment: "We think the price was worth it."
But though regular US/UK air attacks and steady vetoes at the
Security Council kept the sanctions in force, they lost momentum. The
world community began turning away from sanctions; hopefully, at least
sickened by the human toll.
The neocons knew if
Saddam remained in power when the sanctions lifted he would extend oil
contracts to the wrong companies, so they invented weapons of
mass destruction and terrorized US/UK citizens with the mushroom cloud.
The faith-based results were predictable, exactly the pattern that
Guatemala, then Vietnam, then Nicaragua, etc. when deception was used
quite deliberately to create fear in the US homeland in order to
justify US aggression for the sake of economic dominance and control.
For example, in
the early 1950's black propaganda and phony commie weapon stashes
convinced US citizens that Guatemala was a communist threat to national
security. A decade later, US aggression in Vietnam was presented as a
international communist aggression, "proven" by the Gulf of Tonkin
deception. And so on. It's an incredibly consistent pattern.
But after the invasion another general screwed up. Bush's
manager, General Jay Garner, told the Iraqi's they would have elections
within 90 days of takeover. Apparently he wasn't quite informed either,
because the secret Bush-Cheney planning committee for post-Hussein Iraq
(which included executives from Royal-Dutch Shell and ChevronTexaco)
needed over a year to privatize Iraq's oil production industry and
divvy it up among the Big Four.
So Garner was quickly replaced by Paul Bremer, a former honcho for (Oh God, this is pathetic) Kissinger & Associates. Bremer knew what to do. He postponed elections and first installed those patent, copyright and tax laws needed by the Big Four, etc. (see Adventure Capitalism by Greg Palast October 26, 2004).
Our troops would have to stay longer, a popular insurrection
inevitably emerge, thousands (yes thousands) of US troops will die, and
hundred of thousands (if not millions -- after all 3-4 million
Vietnamese, Cambodians and Laotians were dispatched) of Iraqi's will
die, mostly civilians, too. But never mind, say the Big Four and their
neocon servants, "the price is worth it."
What makes all this so terribly unfortunate (forget the fact
no moral justification) is that humanity has the immediately available
ability to make everyone completely wealthy and secure through a
design-science-initiated deployment of an abundant, clean and
durable and dispersed, and easily affordable renewable energy
infrastructure. Something scarce oil can never do.
Nuess is an educational consultant, primarily in the fields of energy and building science. He is the author of the recent book, General Plenty Ð Always and Only the Path to Peace.
Click this link to read the reference articles below: http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/oil/2003/2003companiesiniraq.htm
By James A. Paul
Global Policy Forum
The United States and the United Kingdom did not wage war on Iraq for the officially stated reasons. That much is obvious. The world's superpower and its key ally were not acting because they feared the Iraqi government's weapons of mass destruction or its ties with the terrorist group al-Qaeda. Nor were they fighting to bring democracy to the Middle East, a region where the two governments had long supported reactionary monarchs and odious dictators, including Iraqi president Saddam Hussein himself.
It is time, then, to set aside the sterile discussions about "intelligence failures" and to consider a deeper reason for the conflict. This paper will argue that the war was primarily a "war for oil" in which large, multinational oil companies and their host governments acted in secret concert to gain control of Iraq's fabulous oil reserves and to gain leverage over other national oil producers. In arguing for the primacy of oil, we do not imply that other factors were not at play. The imperial dreams of the neo-con advisors in Washington contributed to the final outcome, as did the re-election strategies of the political operatives in the White House. But the Iraq war did not emerge solely from the Bush administration. As we shall see, it involved both London and Washington, through the course of many governments. And it emerged from a decades-long effort by the world's largest companies to appropriate the planet's most lucrative natural resource deposits.
Several elements contribute to make the case for an oil war: the enormous, long-term political influence of the oil companies, the close personal ties between the companies and their host governments, the long history of prior conflicts and wars over Iraqi oil, and the enormous potential profitability of the Iraqi fields. To consider the evidence, and answer the questions of skeptics, we must begin by reviewing the companies' power and influence over a period of many decades. Later, we will turn to the immediate events leading up to the 2003 war itself.......
Adventure CapitalismGreg Palast,
October 26, 2004
In February 2003, a month before the U.S. invasion of Iraq, a 101-page document came my way from somewhere within the U.S. State Department. Titled pleasantly, "Moving the Iraqi Economy from Recovery to Growth," it was part of a larger under-wraps program called "The Iraq Strategy." The Economy Plan goes boldly where no invasion plan has gone before: the complete rewrite, it says, of a conquered state's "policies, laws and regulations." Here's what you'll find in the Plan: A highly detailed program, begun years before the tanks rolled, for imposing a new regime of low taxes on big business, and quick sales of Iraq's banks and bridges -- in fact, "ALL state enterprises" -- to foreign operators..... (read more)
Values don't divide us,
Make sense of the world,
then change it.
Read General Plenty.
"Probably one of the best books
ever written or read on the political and human task of achieving
peace and prosperity."
- West by Northwest